First, read the following passage. All questions refer to the passage, so make sure you read it carefully.
“Journalism as a profession is facing dreadful times. First, it has never been harder to become a journalist. Second, journalists are facing lower wages and no job security in today’s economy.
Today’s media has become global and instant. The internet allows everyone to become a journalist using applications like Twitter or Facebook. Anyone who’s on the scene can now write about it and post their articles online. Anyone with an opinion can start their own journalistic column in the form of an online blog. The need for real, professional journalism is at its lowest, and the competition between those few remaining individuals with a background and education in journalism is fierce.
With global economies going down the toilet, and people buying less and less newspapers for a variety of reasons, news companies are faced with financial difficulties. They can’t hire journalists or pay them the high salaries they deserve. As a result, journalists face low wages and lower job security. As a matter of fact, many newspaper companies are converting their regular journalists into contract-workers for lower pay, or even replacing them with unpaid interns.
Professional journalism is indeed in trouble. It’s hard to become a journalist, and once you do become one it’s even harder to make a living. If you are consider going into journalism, you might want to take this into account. Best of luck to you.”
Question 1: The primary purpose of the passage is to advise people to: